Impulsive aggressive behavior, or actions that can’t be controlled and are aimed at harming the self or others, can be detrimental to relationships and lives. People suffering from impulsive aggression often feel that they can¡¯t contain their rage and lash out without even thinking about their actions. Environmental situations, genetic dispositions and even impaired brain functioning can cause impulsive aggression. Treatment may be available for sufferers.
Dr. Larry Siever of the Mount Sanai School of Medicine in New York says impulsive aggression is a characteristic of many medically diagnosable personality disorders found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, the book psychiatrists use to diagnose mental health disorders. Ranging from borderline personality disorder to narcissistic personality disorder, impulsive aggression can be self-directed, often a result of a hurt ego or severe emotional pain, envy or trauma. Aggression can also be directed at others, leaving some with anti-social personality disorder in jail.
In an article published in the January 2003 issue of Psychiatric News, a publication of the American Psychiatric Association, researchers Antonia New and Siever found that certain systems in the brain that inhibit aggression were impaired in people who exhibited impulsive aggression. Much research shows that when certain areas of the brain– the amygdala, orbital regions of the prefrontal cortex and the temporal lobe–are impaired by lesions, tumors or other obstructions, it can lead to aggressive behavior and rage. According to New, research evidence suggests that serotonin receptors may be impaired in subjects who lack the ability to control aggressive impulses.
In the same issue of the Psychiatric News, another article by Christine Lehmann says impulsive aggression may have a genetic background. Studying twins, the researchers found that genetic makeup can explain up to 65 percent of impulsive aggression. However, Antonia New also said that genetic background is only a small factor when coupled with environmental factors.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a debilitating condition. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, it’s characterized by mood swings, unstable relationships, broken self-esteem or self-image and erratic behavior. One of the main symptoms of BPD is compulsive aggression. Because a person with BPD suffers from intense instability, depression, anxiety and anger that can last for moments to days, self-directed aggression is common. BPD causes emotional vulnerabilities that, when touched during an event or situation, can cause a severe and aggressive reaction.
Treatment is difficult when it comes to depression. According to Dr. Martin Korn, MAO inhibitors, SSRIs, lithium, anti-depressants and benzodiazepines all show some positive signs of helping those suffering from impulsive aggression, but all have serious side effects. A new drug called divalproex has been tested at the Mount Sinai Medical Center, and it shows promise for use as treatment. Most often, aggression is treated as a symptom of something else. Whether a indication of anger management issues or borderline personality disorder, the disorder itself is treated in the hopes of managing aggression and any other symptoms associated with the disorder.
While the common conception of football is that it’s only for tall players, the fact is that the versatility of the game provides an avenue for athletes of all shapes and sizes to shine. Smaller players have three important positions in which they can excel, where elusiveness can more than make up for a lack of width or height. While there are a number of positions where smaller players can contribute, three such positions rise to the top of the list for importance to the execution of offense, defense and special teams.
Small is, of course, a relative term. Depending on what level you intend to play, you may find that you’re smaller than the average teammate in one group, and a powerhouse in another. In college and the professional ranks, 6-foot-2 is the average height, meaning half the players are taller and half are shorter. In high school, the averages are too variable to arrive at a definitive height range, because that age group experiences bursts of growth. However, anything shorter than 5-foot-8 is generally considered small. In general, if you are several inches shorter with a slighter build and less mass than other players on the field, you can group yourself in the ¡°small¡± player segment. If you’re an athlete with speed, agility or even relentless determination, a team can use those skills to outwit the opposing team in some particular phase of the game.
The position of safety is the last line of defense for a football team. When the defense is on the field, a two-safety tandem will often play well back from the line of scrimmage, and their responsibility is to contain offensive players if they have pushed past all other defenders, if the offense is throwing a deep pass, or if the offense needs to use a safety blitz to attack the line of scrimmage. The position requires speed rather than size, and a small player with quick feet can cut the opponent’s progress before it reaches the end zone.
Another position where speed and elusiveness is more important than mass and strength is punt returner. The punt returner plays on a team’s special teams unit. The special teams unit handles what’s considered as transition plays, such as kickoffs and punt returns. Basically, whenever the ball changes possession from one team to the other, barring an in-play turnover, a special teams unit handles the transition. The position requires the punt returner to field a punted ball cleanly, evade the first wave of the opponent’s coverage, then work upfield to gain as many positive yards as possible. Speed, elusiveness and low center of gravity are extremely helpful in evading the opponent’s coverage and in fighting for extra yardage after the catch.
In many offensive systems, a running back can succeed as long long as that player can find gaps, maintain balance, outrun defenders and remain hidden. A small player can excel in the roll of running back, because defenders often lose sight of the smaller player when he is hidden behind his own large offensive linemen. Combine this with an increased chance of pushing through the holes between defensive linemen since the smaller player often will make contact below the shoulders, smaller players can gain significant yardage past the line of scrimmage in the right offensive system.
Energy force bands are popular fashion, and sports, accessories. Manufacturers and marketers of the bands claim they improve balance and athletic performance. Sports superstars, such as NBA basketball player Shaquille O’Neal and Major League Soccer player David Beckham, wear them and say the bracelets help them perform better. Others say that they do nothing to improve performance.
Manufacturers of energy force bands ¡ª also called power balance bracelets ¡ª state that the world is tuned to an electromagnetic frequency. Energy Force USA, a marketer of the bracelets, says that the frequency is 7.3814 hertz. The bracelets claim to assist in tuning your electromagnetic frequency to that same universal frequency. “The totality of our existence,” Energy Force USA says in its marketing material, “depends on the efficient exchange and balance of positive and negative electrical charges called ions.”
The bracelet puts your body’s electrical charges in better balance, according to one bracelet retailer who sells to golfers. Those electrical charges are called ions. The bracelets are said to produce negative ions to reduce the impact on the body of an onslaught of positive ions from computers, pollution, cell phones and other sources that put you out of balance in the first place.
There are multiple benefits that manufacturers claim the bracelets provide by putting you in better balance with the world’s frequency. The bracelets improve physical balance and muscle power. They also claim to give you more range of motion. In addition, there are claims of mental benefits, including greater focus, more intense concentration and improved awareness.
Researchers in a study at the School of Health Science at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology found that energy force bands had “no effect on balance and stability.” Researchers at the school further extrapolated results from the study on 42 subjects to examine claims about the bracelet’s primary benefit, which is improving balance. Because balance didn’t improve in the study, according to the chief investigator, Dr. Simon Brice, “the validity of other purported benefits seems highly unlikely.”
A baseball winning streak refers to an uninterrupted number of games won. As a former major league player John Lowenstein stated, ¡°The secret to keeping winning streaks going is to maximize the victories while at the same time minimizing the defeats¡± There may be no other sport out there that has any greater history and tradition than baseball.
The 1916 the New York Giants won 26 games in row, with one tie on Sept. 18, 1916. Major League Baseball rules exclude games that end in a tie from being documented as official statistics. The official MLB longest winning streak belongs to the 1935 Chicago Cubs at 21 games. In the American League the 2002 Oakland Athletics hold the longest winning streak at 20 games.
The NCAA all division single season consecutive win record for baseball is 46 games set by the Division II 2000 Savannah State University Tigers. In NCAA Division I the 1977 Texas Longhorns and the 1999 Florida Atlantic Owls both won 34 consecutive games. In 2008 the Trinity College Bantams set the NCAA Division III record with a 44-game winning streak.
The longest winning streak in the World Championship belongs to the Cuban National team. The streak started in 1984 and ended in 2007, with Cuba winning 9 consecutive World Cup titles. Team Cuba was on display for the entire World to see as the record was established. The streak ended 2007 in Taipei City, as USA defeated Cuba 6-3.
Each winning streak in baseball is meant to have an ending. The records are a part of history and represent the standard set for the next record breaker. An article written by Robert Ayzin in “Baseball Digest” reminds us that, ¡°some parts of baseball record books will stand the test of time remaining unchanged and constant.¡±
Correcting foot pain associated with walking could be as simple as investing in a new pair of shoes. Foot pain during walking is not a sign that your shoes need to be broken in. The right pair of walking shoes should be comfortable from the start, according to outdoor outfitter REI.com.
Walking is a low-impact, effective exercise option that requires minimal investment. Wearing improper shoes during walking, however, can lead to injury and discomfort. According to the Big Peach Running Co., “The three most common causes of injury in runners and walkers are doing too much too soon, not stretching enough and improper footwear.” Selecting walking shoes that are right for your gait is your first defense against foot pain and injury. A visit to a specialty shoe store can help you identify whether your foot collapses to the inside, outside or falls in a neutral position when walking. This pronation determines the type of shoes you need, the Big Peach Running Co. says.
According to REI.com, “72 percent of Americans wear shoes that don’t fit properly,” and “up to 40 percent of these people get foot problems as a result.” Even if you’ve been fitted for shoes before, factors including age, pregnancy, changes in weight and an increase in athletic activity can lead to a change in foot size. To get the right fit, wear the same style sock you plan to walk in, try on both shoes and walk around the store. If possible, walk outside. The shoes should fit comfortably without shifting on your heel.
A common cause of heel pain for walkers is plantar fascitiis, an inflammation of the plantar fascia that runs along the foot’s sole, according to John Hopkins Medicine. The onset of plantar fasciitis is associated with an increase in walking, or, in some cases, aging. Recovery time might be as long as six to 12 weeks, according to John Hopkins Medicine, and treatments require cutting back on walking distance or switching to activities such as swimming or cycling that reduce stress on the feet. Other possible sources of pain in the feet include, but are not limited to, bone spurs, black toe and fallen arches. If pain in your feet continues after you switch to the right style of walking shoe, visit a physician.
Walking shoes are designed to last 400 to 500 miles. Signs of excessive wear include stretched heels and worn outsoles. According to REI.com, “pain in your feet, legs, hips or back” after walking could signify that it’s time for a new pair of shoes. REI.com advises that to extend the life of your walking shoes, you should use them only during exercise and unlace your shoes each time you remove them.
Even though walking is a low-impact form of exercise, you still need to increase your mileage gradually. Walking long distances without a proper investment of time and training could lead to injury. Add a few minutes to your walk each day until you reach your distance or time goal. Invest in socks made from breathable, moisture-wicking fabric, and wear them every time you walk to avoid blisters. Replace socks that are thinning or that are beginning to develop holes.
The elliptical trainer offers a low-impact, cardiovascular-improving and non-weather-dependent workout. You seek out an elliptical for your home or gym workouts to improve muscle tone in your legs and protect your knees from the jarring impact of other aerobic activities. With all these benefits, you may find yourself wondering why your feet go numb when you’re improving your health.
A simple reason for foot numbness on an elliptical and a easy change is to wear larger shoes. You don’t have to change to clown-sized waders, but speak with a shoe professional about your numb feet and increase a half a size. Your feet swell during exercise, and the larger room in your shoe prevents the numbness that occurs when your shoes are too tight.
Your feet do not take all the responsibility for going numb. The elliptical keeps your foot stationary and on a flat pedal. If this is the cause for your decreased sensation, look for a different type of machine. Some ellipticals have foot pads that pivot to move your heels and toes up and down. This can reduce the chance of foot numbness.
The placement of your feet on the foot pads makes a difference. Your whole foot remains in contact with the foot pads throughout the elliptical motion. If you find your weight moving forward into the balls of your feet, you may experience numbness. Slide your feet forward or backward on the pedals until you feel comfortable with blood flow returning to your toes. Keep your weight in your heels instead of forward on your toes as you push down on the pedals.
The elliptical machine keeps your feet in one position, which is the reason it is a low-impact workout. Unfortunately, this lack of movement can lead to numb toes. Another way to reduce your discomfort is to slightly lift your foot from the pedal and wiggle your toes. If lifting your foot throws off your rhythm, wiggle your toes inside your shoes to increase the circulation to the smallest of your little piggy’s.
A soccer game begins with much pageantry at the World Cup Final level and just a bit of happy chatter among teammates at an informal league game. Still, regardless of the level of play, a number of basic steps are fundamental to kick off in according with the rules of the game.
In a standard league soccer match, there is relatively little preamble before the actual kickoff. The players take to the field of play as soon as the captains and the lead referee complete the coin toss. For international matches, though, the singing of each team¡¯s national anthem is standard. After walking out often hand in hand with child mascots, the players line up in in a row along the middle of the pitch while each anthems is played in turn.
The match referee and two team captains go to the center of the field for the coin toss. One of the team captains chooses heads or tails before the referee tosses the coin. In accordance with the FIFA Laws of the Game, the team that wins the toss decides which goal it will attack in the first half of the match. The team that loses the coin toss takes the kick-off to start the match.
All the players must be in their own half of the field when the kick-off is taken. The rules state that the opponents of the team taking the kickoff must be at least 10 yards, from the ball until the kick-off is taken. The 10-yard circle in the center of the pitch helps to ensure that no opposing players enter this area before the kickoff is taken.
The ball is placed on the center spot within the 10 yard center circle. As soon as the referee blows his whistle, the team taking the kickoff can kick the ball. The player taking the kick-off cannot touch the ball again until it has been touched by another player, generally one of his team-mates standing nearby. The referee¡¯s whistle also signals that the ball is in play, at which point the opposing team can enter the center circle to challenge for the ball.
Infringements rarely occur during a kickoff. But if the player taking the kickoff touches the ball twice before it has been passed to another player, then a free kick is awarded to the opposing team. Any other infringement of the kickoff procedure requires that the kickoff be taken again.
College football is one of the most popular sports in America. Every Saturday, fans from across the country gather in front of their televisions to support their Alma mater or favorite team. Behind each and every team is a coaching staff. This coaching staff is responsible for the success of a team on and off the field. With the popularity of football, college coaching positions are much sought-after jobs.
All football coaches ¡ª regardless of position ¡ª need to have an understanding of the game of football. Coaches need to understand on-field coaching, conditioning, drills, conducting try-outs and scrimmages. Coaches also need to be aware of the traditions and objectives of a football organizations before beginning coaching. Coaches must also understand the administrative guidelines of coaching football. Coaches need to be willing to scout, travel, evaluate players, manage equipment and understand the medical side of football including injuries and risks.
In order to become a college football coach, a bachelor’s degree is required. This is especially true for individuals wishing to obtain a head coaching position. The bachelor’s should be in a sports or health-related field. Many colleges prefer a master’s degree. However, master’s degrees are rare amongst college football coaches. In large programs, a head coach is simply a coach. In smaller schools, a coach may be required to be a teacher. This may require teaching certification or a graduate degree in a subject taught at the particular college or university.
An impressive resume is a must when seeking a college football coaching position. Many coaches are former college or even professional football players. Coaches that are former players understand the game and know what players expect from their coaches in order to have a successful season. For others, work in the football field may start at an entry-level position or below. Coaches may have started out as ball boys, water boys, worked with equipment or interns. This shows a dedication to the sport of football. Other college coaches may have started their coaching career with a youth or college team. A majority of head college coaches started out as an offensive, defensive or special teams coordinator. These coordinators oversee a portion of the football team and are able to handle the responsibilities that becoming a head coach entails. When head coaching positions are available, many coordinators and assistants interview for the position.
Coaches need to be level-headed and able to remain calm in stressful situations. Making decisions during a close or important game be very stressful. These decisions also come with scrutiny from the media. Coaches must be able to handle the media. They must be able to handle public opinion. Many people may not like coaches ¡ª especially head coaches. Head coaches must be able to make decisions based on what is best for their team. A decision should never be made based on public opinion. Coaches must have excellent communication skills. They need to be able to coach and mentor a team of players. Additionally, coaches need to be able to communicate practice and game instructions clearly.
Salt water taffy has been a beach and boardwalk tradition since the late 1800s, when the sweet candy was introduced in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Taffy consists primarily of sugar, which accounts for the high amount of calories in this treat. As taffy confectioners use different recipes and make taffy pieces in a variety of sizes, the amount of calories in a piece of taffy can vary, depending on size and recipe.
Because not all salt water taffy candies are made from the same recipe, in addition to a difference in calories, other nutrient amounts can vary among taffies as well. A seven-piece serving of a typical variety of salt water taffy has about 160 calories. In that same-size serving, there are generally about 2 grams of fat and 38 grams of carbohydrate with no dietary fiber.
Soccer goalkeepers spend most of the game far from the action, yet they often stand out from other players due to their bright, distinctive uniforms. Some goalkeepers wear different uniforms for practical reasons, while others do it to enhance their personal style and perhaps intimidate their competitors. If you¡¯re interested in playing goal for an organized league, consult its official rule book to learn what regulations govern goalkeeper uniforms, as these can vary.
Goalkeepers¡¯ uniforms have special padding to offer protection against speedy shots. For example, a goalkeeper¡¯s shirt typically has long sleeves and special padding over the elbows, chest and shoulders to minimize the sting of a blocked shot. Goalkeepers¡¯ pants typically have light padding as well. Goalkeepers also wear long socks that cover shin guards, which protect the lower legs from blows during skirmishes near the goal.
During a game, most leagues require goalkeepers to wear uniforms that are different from those of the opposing team¡¯s goalkeeper and their own teammates. This helps the referee distinguish the goalkeeper from other players when everyone is crowded near the goal. Goalkeepers are the only players allowed to handle the ball during regular game play, so being able to clearly identify the goalkeeper helps prevent mistaken declarations of illegal handballs.
Although it has not been proven to be true, there is a common belief that an attacker unconsciously shoots the ball at the brightest area of the goal. If this is true, then wearing a bright shirt increases the chance that an attacker will aim the ball directly at the goalkeeper, leading to an easy save. This is why some professional goalkeepers wear bright, garish shirts, though personal style preferences also play a role.
Most leagues allow goalies some flexibility in choice of uniform and equipment. For example, many goalies wear special gloves so they can grasp the ball firmly. Some goalkeepers prefer long pants with significant padding, while others prefer shorts that provide them greater flexibility. Goalkeepers also may choose the type of cleats they wear, which depends on league regulations, the type of playing surface and the weather.